A Review of the Oregon Scientific WR601N Handheld Weather Radio with S.A.M.E.

For the record, I do not own the featured image on this page, rather I downloaded it from eBay and I give credit to whomever credit is due.

As you, the reader, can probably tell, I have an strong interest in Weather Radios.

I first read about a NOAA Weather Radio in the Summer of 1997 at the age of ten and a half whilst reading a hurricane preparedness pamphlet.

I wouldn’t actually own a NOAA Weather Radio until December of 2001 at the age of fourteen going on fifteen.

However, once I owned one, I would be completely fascinated.

My parents thought there was something wrong with me because of it.

Well technically there is something wrong with me, but when I was a teen, I was the only teen I knew of that was interested in radio electronics.

Nowadays, there are plenty of teens who are interested in radio electronics, especially weather radio, and sites like YouTube are living proof.

Sometimes I feel like I was born in the wrong generation and should have been born ten to fifteen years later.

Then, I realize that if I was born ten to fifteen years later, my girlfriend and I probably wouldn’t be an item. I’m an older Millenial and she is a younger Millenial and honestly, I don’t want anyone else. No one comes close to her not even by a long shot. We make each other happy and it doesn’t matter to me that hardly anyone if anyone at all my age shares my interests. So, because of those facts, I am very grateful to have been born when I was born.

It was in my mid-twenties that I began to collect weather radios.

Now at the age of thirty-two-going-on-thirty-three, I am frequently visiting thrift stores, flea markets, antique shops, and hamfests to purchase gently-used vintage weather radios.

On November 2, 2019, I had some cash on me and went to my local GoodWill.

It was as if God Himself was telling me to go there because I would find a weather radio.

And in the electronics/appliances section, I found an Oregon Scientific WR601N in very good condition, but selling for only $1.97+tax.

I had been wanting one of these for a couple years but didn’t want to pay the MSRP.

This piece will be a review of that aforementioned weather radio.

What I purchased at GoodWill only included the radio, battery door, and lanyard. There was no manual, cradle or AC adaptor.

Still, for $1.97+tax, I’m not going to complain.

Performance-wise, this radio is a true winner:
The size is very compact and can be carried on your person or in a backpack without weighing the user down.

The antenna is short and stubby, but is rugged and pulls in the Weather Radio broadcast very well, even from forty miles away!

The speaker audio is clear and crisp but can be annoying when there is noise in the signal.

The radio runs on 3 AA batteries and the runtime seems generous.

There are a clock and calendar which I must say keeps time very accurately, like +/-1 second in a week!

There are two separate alarm times that can be set and the alarm is loud enough.

The radio receives all seven weather radio channels.

The radio is equipped with S.A.M.E. technology and can store up to six administrative divisions or monitor all six.

The blue backlight lights up the display brightly and evenly. It is activated by pressing the snooze button.

The housing seems to be built very well and could probably survive a few drops.

Also, the face of the radio is yellow, meaning it can be easily found in a dark room or cluttered baggage.

There is an external speaker jack.

The display can be expressed in English, French or Spanish.

There are only three real [albeit minor] complaints I have and they are:
The radio can be a bit tricky to program and operate and takes some getting used to.

The radio also has trouble standing by itself, even on a flat surface.

The radio should have better noise limiting circuitry since it will not work well near any source of electrical noise.

However, at the price I paid, I’m not going to make any case about the complaints.

Even though I didn’t buy it brand new and I don’t have all the right accessories, I have been EDCing this radio for the past week and I am totally satisfied.

While Midland is my favorite brand of Weather Radios, I’ll admit they could learn plenty from this model.

What I like most are the rugged and compact build and clear crisp reception.

It is good to have S.A.M.E., but I could take it or leave it since I would use this for traveling or outdoor activities, where S.A.M.E. isn’t always necessary.

Like other compact portable models, the WR601N would be well suited for an EDC bag, a bug out/bailout bag, or a safe room, all for monitoring the progress of the weather, without needing line current.

I’m really impressed all in all and this is a vast improvement over the Oregon Scientific WR-8000, which actually was the first weather radio I had ever owned.

I give this product a 4.7 out of 5 stars!

Back to “Product Reviews”

Severe Love Warning

…Spring 1975…

On a hot and humid May afternoon, Cade Jennings was walking around on his family’s vacant property. A moderately strong tornado had passed through the previous week and he was charged with the task of repairing the damage. The fence along the property line had been ripped out of the ground and many posts broken.

Cade came from a very well off, well respected family, and lived in the rural community of Checker. He was an only child, and but had three cousins. His dad; Van Jennings owned a hardware supply store. His paternal aunt; Margie Jennings Fitzgerald owned a diner called Margie’s. Cade worked for his dad’s hardware store, since the age of sixteen. He was able to avoid service in the Vietnam Conflict because he worked fervently as a highly skilled carpenter and equally skilled electrician. Also his family was well off. Cade’s work consisted of the building, wiring and repairing structures on houses and farms. His family’s land had been unoccupied for many years. It was once farmland and still had a small wooden house near the gravel road. There was also a storm shelter in the back fields. His great-grandparents originally bought the property, generations ago. Cade’s dad and aunt had ended up with it during the war. In the 1950s, they built a shelter there, to protect themselves against a foreign missile attack. In later years it served as a haven for stormy weather. It was highly valued by the family, as there was plenty of foul weather in the area. In fact, that shelter was the main reason for keeping the land. Cade’s aunt Margie also wanted to build other houses on the property, for her children. The only thing was they could not decide what to do with the small wooden house. It had sentimental value to Cade’s dad and aunt, as it was in the family for generations. Cade loved the house too, and stayed there whenever he could. In fact, all the while he was making his repairs, he stayed there. Helen Williams, their troublesome neighbor, constantly complained about it. She said it brought down the value of her property and that it was too small and too old.

Cade was a a decent young man of twenty-five years. As he was walking along the broken fence at the property boundary, he saw a young lady tending to the Helen’s herb garden. She was short and soft bodied and clothed in a yellow sun dress. Her appearance drove Cade crazy. He was instantly attracted to her, as she was bent over with her back turned toward him. He knew, however, that her boss Helen Williams held her workers to high moral standards. She demanded her employees to be celibant. They were forbidden to be in situations that would hint that their celibacy was broken. Still, at that moment, Cade was very attracted to her. He wanted to at least get to know her. Reluctantly, he unfixed his eyes from her backside and began working on the fence.

He said to himself “My God, she is so beautiful, if only I could get her to notice me.” He thought for a moment, then said to himself with a slight laugh and smile. “Wait, I know what I am going to do.” He pulled the broken post out of the ground and then tossed it into the bed of his truck. The sound of the wood landing on the metal frightened the girl. Cade did exactly what he wanted, and got the girl’s attention. Immediately she turned around and looked in Cade’s direction.

He spoke to her, trying to hide his smile, “Sorry I didn’t mean to startle you.”

She smiled back at him and answered “That’s alright, I am glad that it was only you.”

Cade continued working on the fence. He placed a new post into the ground and forced it in with his pile-driver. He then took the U-shaped fasteners and hammered them into the new post, to secure the wire mesh. He did all of this while watching the girl at the same time. She couldn’t seem to be focused on her work.

Cade said to himself, “Good lord, she is even more beautiful than I first thought. I wonder what she is thinking right now?”

He continued working, trying to be as loud as possible in hopes that she would come up to him. Finally the girl got up from her work and walked over.

Cade again said, trying to hide his smile “I am sorry, I don’t mean to be making all of this noise. I hope I am not disturbing you.”

She spoke “No, you’re not, don’t worry about that. It’s just, I have never seen you around here before. What brings you here?”

Cade replied “Well, my family owns this property, and they are paying me to repair it. I am fixing the damage from the severe weather last week.” He paused then asked “Were you around here when the tornado came through?”

The girl replied “Oh yes, I was very frightened. I am deathly afraid of the weather.”

Cade asked “Where did you go for it?”

The girl replied “I had to stay outside, even though the sky was ominously black. It was lightening and thundering. I was so afraid of getting struck. A tornado warning was even issued; in fact I heard it on my Flavoradio. It keeps me company during these long work hours.” She paused and then continued “Ms. Helen kept us working, until she actually saw the funnel cloud touch down.”

Cade replied “Good Lord! Is she that horribly ruthless? I cannot believe that she would put her workers in that kind of danger.” He paused then continued “Someone so delicate and beautiful like you should be protected from danger, not put in the face of it. I bet you’re not even sixteen.”

The girl smiled and blushed, as she said, “Twenty-one, actually, but thanks for the compliment” She paused then continued “I am sick of working for her. She doesn’t appreciate us. She makes us work from sun up to sun down. We have to work five, sometimes six days a week and we are grossly underpaid. We don’t work on a set schedule either, so we can’t really plan anything far in advance. Worst of all, she tries to to control our personal lives as well.” She paused then said “If any of us decide to marry; we would be fired.” The girl paused again then continued “Don’t try having sexual intimacy outside of marriage either, because if she finds out she will fire you for that as well. She forbids fornicating, and even being in a situation where people might think you are fornicating. How’s a girl supposed to have any release?”

Cade also blushed and replied, “Dang, I knew about the celibacy, but I didn’t realize she did all of that other stuff. It is unjust and should be illegal”

The girl then said “I’m Amelia Esterwood by the way.”

“Cade Jennings.” He replied, then continued “Amelia, I have a confession to make: I think you are very beautiful and I would like to see you again. I could only see you from behind, but I thought you were so beautiful. Then, when you turned around, my thoughts were confirmed. I just wanted to be honest with you. I was making all that noise purposely to show off and get your attention.”

Amelia’s blue eyes lit up, as she replied “Well Cade, I had a feeling you were trying to do something like that.” She continued “You made me feel special, because of your attempts to attract me. That’s why I came over to talk to you. It wasn’t so much about the noise. I came because I think you are so cute and sweet.” She then leaned over to kiss him, but then stopped and said “Wait, you don’t look a day over fifteen. How do I know that I am not robbing the cradle?”

Cade blushed as he said to Amelia with excitement, “Well I just made twenty-five. I would be the one that is technically robbing the cradle, but not breaking the law.”

“Well, it is good that we are both legal, but if I wasn’t, you can rob my cradle any time.” Amelia said as she kissed him.

With ecstasy, Cade replied “Wow you really like me too, don’t you?”

She answered, “Of course I do. They don’t make ’em like you anymore.”

Cade asked, “What do you mean?” Amelia replied “You are so sweet and honest.”

She continued, “I can’t believe you don’t have a girlfriend.” He answered “Nope, there aren’t any young ladies around these parts.” Cade paused, blushed then said “Well except for you that is.”

Amelia leaned over to kiss him again, and said “Would you like to have one?”

Cade simply said “I hope you are talking about you and me.”

Amelia giggled, nodded her head and then kissed him again. Cade then kissed her, awkwardly. He blushed and asked “When could we see each other again?”

She replied “Hopefully, I have tomorrow off. If I do, could I meet you early in the morning?” Amelia paused, then continued “But, I will have to be discreet about it.”

Cade smiled and then said “You sure could. Stand near the property line, and face my bedroom window.” Cade pointed it out. Then he continued “I will be up at half past five. What do you mean by being discreet about it?”

“Well, Helen can’t know about us, so we have to be low key. At six thirty tomorrow, wait for me inside your bedroom. As soon as you see me coming near the property line, get ready. I will give you a hand signal like this” Amelia pushed her two hands together in the shape of a heart. She then continued “I will pretend my bike is broken. When I do that, get your truck ready and start it up. Ride it to where the gravel road meets Route 9.” Amelia paused then continued “I will take my bicycle and follow you. We will meet up at that highway. Helen won’t be able to see us way over there.” Amelia paused, then said “She will be too busy at that hour waking up the rest of the girls, anyway. I will keep a distance between my bicycle and your truck.”

Cade smiled then said “And when we meet near the main highway, you can put your bicycle in the bed of my truck. I have some tarpaulin to cover it up. That way no one will see that I have your bicycle and it will be protected from the weather.” Cade said as he smiled from ear to ear. He continued “This is going to be so awesome.”

Amelia smiled as she said “It’s a date.”

Cade replied, happily “I cannot wait until then.” Amelia winked and blew him a kiss. She then pranced back to the garden with her sun dress swishing from side to side. Cade stared at her with a mixture of love and lust. They both got back to work, not being able to talk for the rest of the day. As Cade was repairing the fence, all he could think of was Amelia; her beauty and their mutual passionate feelings towards each other. Cade admired her while she was working in the garden, as he continued walking along the property line. He was very busy pulling up and replacing fence posts and throwing the broken ones into the bed of his truck. He repeated the process of pile driving the new fence posts down in their places and fastening them to the wire mesh. When he finished repairing the fence all along the property line, he moved on to the rest of the yard and fields. Cade worked on the fence until the sun began to set. Just as he wanted, Cade stayed in the old house for the night. He prepared his supper, scrubbed himself down and then listened to the weather report on the bedside radio, a Realistic 12-652, until he fell asleep.

The next morning he was looking out of the bedroom window, waiting for Amelia. Not long after, she was standing near the property line. Just as planned; Amelia, wearing her backpack, gave him the hand signal. Cade nodded then walked into the living room then out the door. He started up his truck, then drove up the road. Amelia waited for Cade’s truck to leave and create some distance. Amelia took off on her bicycle and followed Cade just as planned. While waiting for Amelia, Cade parked his truck on the side of the road, perpendicular to the highway.

A sheriff’s deputy pulled over and then asked him “Engine trouble?”

“No sir” Cade replied

“Then why are you parked here?”

Quickly, Cade answered “I am waiting for my girlfriend.”

The deputy then asked “Well where is she coming from?”

“Down this gravel road, she is coming on a bicycle.” Cade replied

“Well why can’t you meet her down there?” The deputy asked

Cade answered “She is not exactly allowed to see me.”

“Is this girl 18?” The deputy asked.

Cade replied “21 actually.”

“And how old are you?”

“25.” Cade replied, and showed the cop his license.

The deputy then asked “Why can’t she see you?”

Cade replied “Her boss doesn’t want her to marry or even date.”

The deputy then said, rolling his eyes “That sounds like Helen Williams. Am I correct?”

“Yes sir.” Cade replied.

The deputy then said “She has committed and still does commit quite a few infractions, like renting out rooms illegally and unfair treatment of workers.”

He paused, then continued “My boss just as soon be in bed with her. My hands are tied, she uses her money and influence to make him look the other way.”

Cade then said with an irritated sarcasm, “Well somehow I am not surprised.”

The deputy then said “Just try not to get her too angry or she will make your life a living hell.”

“I’ll try, but I can’t promise anything.” Cade replied,

and the deputy said “Well you just be careful. I have to go now as I am on duty.”

“Thanks, and have a nice day.” Cade replied.

The deputy drove off, and a few minutes later Amelia arrived on her bicycle. She kissed him.

Cade asked her “Are you ready?”

She nodded and then asked “Where should we go today?”

Cade suggested “There’s a diner right when you get into town. My aunt owns it, so I figure we can go there.”

Amelia smiled and then said “Like I said before, it’s a date.” She set her backpack, behind the seat, then Cade lifted her bicycle into the bed of his truck, covered it and closed the tailgate. Cade then helped her into his truck and was accidentally flashed by her. He saw right up her pink sun dress and was overcome with lust. Her white panty caught his eyes and for a brief moment, time stopped and he stared at the beautiful sight.

Amelia ended the moment, though softly, as she smiled and said “You better give me a kiss!” Cade kissed her, then climbed into his side and they drove to the diner.

Upon arriving, they found a booth and sat down.

“Aunt Margie, are you here?” Cade called out. “There is someone I want you to meet.” He continued

She replied from her office. “Just a little bit, Cade.” Not long after, she came out and greeted them.

He introduced her saying “This is Amelia Esterwood, she works for Helen Williams, you know next door to the property.”

He paused then said “Don’t tell anyone, that we are together because she could lose her job for going out with me. Helen Williams is so uptight.”

Cade’s aunt said “Don’t worry, Cade, my lips are buttoned. She seems like a nice girl though and she is very pretty. You have good taste.”

Amelia blushed, then said “Thank you for saying that. Helen usually cuts me down and makes me feel horrible.”

Cade’s aunt said, “Yes, she is a nasty neighbor and a source of misery to all of us. You shouldn’t let her bring you down, because you are much better than her.” Cade’s aunt paused then continued “Now, anyways, what could I get for you two?”

Cade looked at Amelia and asked , “What do you want?” She replied “Strawberry pancakes sound good. And I’ll have a glass of milk.”

His aunt then asked, “And for you Cade?” He replied “I’ll have two sausage biscuits with cheese, and scrambled eggs. I would also like a glass of orange juice.”

“Coming up.” His aunt replied, then continued, “Cade, I think I should give you an antacid with your breakfast. You better take it.”

Cade looked at Amelia’s backpack, “So what do you keep in there anyway?”

Amelia replied, “Oh some potions I have been working on, from plant extracts. I also have my pocketbook, sunglasses, keys, an Eveready penlight, my Flavoradio, perfume, my mirror and my diary.”

Cade then said, “Wow that’s a lot of stuff. What kind of potions do you have?”

Amelia replied, “I have created some aphrodisiacs, tranquilizers, pain relievers, elixirs and antidotes.”

“That is so awesome, especially the aphrodisiacs.” Cade replied; then blushed afterwards.

Amelia said, “Well I tried them on myself once, and they brought up some powerful urges in me. I could never act on them until I was in my room by myself.”

“I would like to try them,” Cade replied, then continued “You know, you only live once.” She opened up a bottle and then placed some crushed powder into both of their glasses of water. They toasted each other and drank both of the glasses.”

“Wow this tastes strange,” Cade said.

“Yes it does, but it is sure potent,” She said, then kissed Cade. The kiss was followed by an awkward silence. Little did they know, there were others in the diner that were listening in. It just so happened that Cade looked around the dining room, and saw everyone whispering and staring.

Cade noticed them and said “Durn it, I hate how these small town people are so nosy. I wish it was like the city, where everyone minds there own business.”

Amelia added in, “I’m from the city actually, but I took the job here because I also needed a place to stay for cheap. Helen Williams rents out some rooms on her property for the girls that work there.”

Cade looked around again before he whispered, “Yes, and I heard she does it all under the table. I guess that’s so she will not have to keep a lease or pay taxes.”

Amelia then said, “Yes, and because she does not sign a lease, she is not required to keep us there if she would decide to fire us.” The people began to point and whisper some more, and Cade was getting very irritated. Before they were even able to finish their breakfast, they decided to leave.

Cade paid his aunt, tipped her and said “Can we take this food to go? I don’t want to waste it, but I also can’t stand these nosy people in here.” His aunt nodded and they walked out of the diner.

Amelia said, “I see what you mean about nosy small town people. I hope that word doesn’t get back to my boss.” She paused then asked “Where could we go to be alone?” “Well there are several places to go, but I wouldn’t take you there.”

“Why not?” Amelia asked

Cade replied, “Because, you are a lady, and those places are either full of nasty men or thugs.” He paused then said “I would take you to the house, but Helen might see us walking in together.”

Amelia then asked, “If it’s all right with you Cade, why don’t we take a ride somewhere?”

Cade smiled and said, “That’s a good idea. Now, let’s just see where we can go.” He pulled his map from under the windshield on the dashboard. He studied the map and said “We are on Route 10, running concurrent with Route 9.” He pointed at the flashing 3 Way Stoplight, then said “That’s where the two highways split off.” He said, then continued. “We can go northwest on Route 10, or southwest on Route 9.” He then said “We can go to Native Crossing, and I can buy you some sexy clothes at this store I heard of.” It is about 10 miles southwest of here, on Route 9.”

Amelia nodded and said, “That’s a wonderful idea, but just so you know, I would go anywhere with you.” She leaned over to kiss him, and once again Cade was turned on. They drove towards Native Crossing, on Route 9, entered the city limits, and then into downtown. Cade parked his truck on the street, and they went walking along the sidewalk. They came in front of the clothing store.

Amelia looked in the window and said, “Imagine how I would look in one of those skirts?”

“Let’s find out.” Cade said. They walked in and Amelia asked the clerk, “I would like to try on some of those skirts”

Cade told Amelia, “I could also get you a night gown and maybe some underwear.”

The clerk was an old and old fashioned woman. She asked, sternly ,”Are you two married?”

“No,” They replied simultaneously.

The clerk said, “Well I can’t have both of you shopping for clothes here together, especially underclothes. It’s just not proper. A boy should NOT see a girl’s nightgown or underwear unless she is married to him.”

Cade showed her a handful of cash, and then asked “What if I paid a little extra for her clothes?”

The old woman grabbed her broom as she said, “What kind of sell out do you think I am?” She continued, “I don’t care how much you want to pay me, I will not sell you two any clothes. What is this world coming to?” She then chased them out with her broom.

They ran out of the store and onto the sidewalk both laughing.

Amelia said, “I have an idea.”

“What’s that?” Cade asked.

Amelia answered, “Give me a big kiss and hold me tight.” She giggled and then said “Now rub my butt a little.” Cade was now getting turned on, likewise Amelia. She then said “Now lift my dress a little.”

Cade began to do it, when the old lady from the clothing store came out, yelling “Knock it off you two animals, before I call the police.”

Filled with a rush of affection and laughter, they then ran to Cade’s truck and left the the downtown area of Native Crossing.

They came to a filling station, and Cade said “Oh better fill the truck up. Could I get you anything?”

Amelia replied “A cherry cola would be nice.” Cade walked into the store. He looked at the little gadgets under the counter and the soft drinks in the coolers.

He picked up two cherry colas, and then looked under the counter and asked “I see that tradesman’s pocket knife down there. How much?”

The attendant replied “For you, $8. That’s a very good deal. It is made locally, not overseas. It is not like the junk they sell at those new fangled department stores.”

Cade then asked “And what would you suggest for my girlfriend, she is waiting in the truck and I would like to surprise her.”

The attendant went into the back room and said “How about this?” He blew the dust off the box, then continued “It’s mighty fine Ladies Rolex watch.”

Cade looked at it, and then studied it closely. It was a shiny gold and had had a blue face and bright sparkling hands and markings.” ”

“$350,” The attendant said.

Cade pulled out his cash and asked “Is this real?”

The attendant said “Look at the minute hand. Do you see how it sweeps instead of ticks? That means it is real my friend.”

Cade asked “Well, how did you come across one of these?”

“I have a friend who is in the jewelry business. When he has new old stock on clearance, he sells them to me. I then sometimes resell them,” The salesman replied.

Cade then paid for all the goods. He then placed another $5 on the counter, as he said, “I also need to fill up my truck.”

The cashier took the money and Cade put the watch in his left pocket and knife in his right. He then went out to pump his fuel. He opened the door and Amelia playfully swung her legs out, to cause Cade’s lustful feelings to come forth. He kissed her and handed her one of the soft drinks.

He then said, “I know where we can go.”

“Where’s that?” Amelia asked.

“We can go to where the two waterways cross. That place is how the town of Native Crossing got its name.”

He paused and then continued, “We can sit on the tail gate of my truck, and watch the boats pass by.

She smiled and said, “That could be fun.”

Cadee finished pumping fuel into his truck then they drove down to the canal intersection. Cade pulled out his new knife and began to clean his fingernails. Amelia watched him and giggled.

He asked “You like my new knife?” She said “Yes, it looks very neat.”

Cade then said “I have a surprise for you later. I think you will like it.” Amelia smiled from ear to ear, and then grabbed his shirt and wildly kissed him.

Cade took his Realistic Patrolman Mini radio from behind his seat and said, “I have a radio too and I can tune in the boat captains, bridge tenders and deckhands talking to each other on it.”

“That’s neat, my Flavoradio only gets AM, but there’s lot’s of good music on there.”

They sat there for a a few hours, both flirting and touching each other with affection. Amelia then fell asleep in Cade’s lap to the chatter of captains, bridge tenders and deckhands. She rested for a few hours. The whole while Amelia was sleeping Cade massaged her and kissed her.

When she woke up she looked up at him and said “Wow, I thought it was a dream. This is better than any dream.” She paused then said “Now I am feeling very frisky.”

Once again, the western side of the sky was getting blue. Just as Amelia wrapped her legs around Cade, there was a bright flash of lightning followed by a loud and disturbing thunder.

“Durn it, looks like another storm is moving in.” Cade said

“Where will we go now?” Amelia asked.

He opened his truck door for her and she stepped in “We can head back to Checker. There is a storm shelter on my family’s property. It used to be a bomb shelter but now we use it for weather like this. It’s dark and cramped in there but at least it is safe and private. We should go there.” He paused and then said, blushing “I’ll only take you there, if you want to.”

“Sure, I think it would be a good idea if we could go somewhere we would be alone.” Amelia said as she winked and shook her dress playfully. They were both feeling extremely lustful towards each other, when Cade’s truck radio sounded an alert tone for a tornado watch.

Amelia, now frightened said “Yes, I definitely want to go there. I want to be safe from this weather.”

“Your wish is my command.” Cade said, and with that pounded the accelerator pedal they drove back to Checker as fast as possible. In a short while they made it back to the property and then to the entrance of the shelter.

It was a small building embedded in a hill. The shelter had only been used when there was the threat of stormy weather and when the family had the ability to get to it in time. Cade parked his truck then reached in his glove box for his 3 Cell Kel Lite flashlight and turned it on. He then escorted Amelia into the shelter, as the winds were starting to pick up. He pointed the flashlight at the steps, so they could see through the dark pathway that led to the main room. Cade figured that his aunt’s children were all in school and would probably be kept there until the weather had passed. He knew his dad would be working in his office which was in the very center of the building. He then figured that his aunt and her employees would go in the stockroom of the diner which was also the safest place to be. He walked back to the entrance and pulled the keys out of his pocket. He locked the entrance door behind him, and walked back down to the main room. There was a Realistic Weatheradio 5, a first aid kit, a mattress with blankets, and a box of Radio Shack batteries and flashlight bulbs. For food there were gallon jugs of water, and crates of military surplus chocolate bars. By the light of the Cade’s flashlight and Amelia’s penlight they sat down on the mattress.

Amelia smiled with mischief and lust as she said, “You know Cade, we can have plenty of fun in here.” She then blushed

Cade asked, with a shaky voice, “You mean we can make love to each other?”

Amelia replied “Well of course! What did you think we would do?” She paused then said “Now, why don’t you come a little closer!” Amelia motioned for Cade to come. He hadn’t fully approached her, when she leaned over grabbed and kissed him, as she said “Whatever we we do in here, no one will ever know!” Cade, who was now lustfully turned on, but also anxious, said “I am a virgin. Are you as well?”

There was then an awkward silence.

Cade then apologized “Sorry. I didn’t mean to upset you.”

Amelia replied “Yes, except for my fingers that is. A girl needs some release.”

“Well in that case, my thumb and fingers deflowered me a long time ago.” Cade replied, then continued, “if we do become intimate, I still want you tomorrow and in fact every day after that until the end of time. I hope that’s what you want.”

“Yes, I want that as well. You’re cute and you have a wonderful heart,” Amelia replied, lovingly.

Cade humbly stated, then continued, “Maybe it’s your potion talking, but I desire your body intensely right now!”

Amelia said, as she lifted her pink sun dress at him, while saying, “Good, because I know you’ve been wanting to see under my dress all day. Don’t think I haven’t noticed. Here’s your chance.” She then pulled him on top of her and wrapped her legs around him She then spoke “Take me, Cade. Now!”

Cade replied, “I am a little nervous.”

Amelia said, “Don’t worry, we’ll get through this together.”

Cade then said, “Well I am ready then.”

At last they commenced in lovemaking.

After they felt the bursting of release, Amelia rubbed Cade’s chest and asked “Can we really be together forever?”

“We can and as far as I am concerned; we will!” Cade said, then continued, “I had the word forever about to be spoken myself, but did not want to repel you from me.”

Amelia replied, with her heart on her sleeve, ” Well I love you, Cade, and I hope you are not repelled by that.”

Cade said “Love was on the tip of my tongue as well and I am so happy that your feelings are the same as mine.” Amelia then kissed him.

Cade got dressed and stepped out, to check the weather. It was still pouring down raining. He then made his way back into the shelter by the light of his flashlight, to see through the pathway.

He stared at Amelia for a moment then said “My God, you are beautiful, Amelia.” They sat down on the mattress and began talking; Cade asked “How are we going to be together?”

Amelia then answered him “I don’t know but our love will find a way.”

He asked her, “You really think so?”

“I know so,” Amelia answered then continued “For my entire life, I wanted someone like you. Now that I have found you, I filled with bliss!” There was another awkward silence, then Amelia asked “How’s the weather.”

“The sky is still dark, and it is raining hard I think we should stay in here for right now.”

Amelia then said “Maybe we can spend the evening together, I don’t have to be at work until seven tomorrow morning.”

Cade looked at his Micronta watch then said “It’s one in the afternoon, let me tune in the weather forecast on the radio.” Amelia nodded. Cade turned the radio on, but heard nothing but static. He stood on top of the mattress and held the radio up to the ceiling. There was much static, but he heard the meteorologist coming in. “There is severe weather moving through the Checker and Native Crossing areas, from the west. Expect strong thunderstorms for the rest of the afternoon and all night long. We are also under a tornado watch until midnight. Stayed tuned for more updates on this weather station.”

Cade then asked “Do you want to stay here or go into the house?”

Amelia replied “Let’s stay here, for in case there is a tornado, they are very common this time of year. Besides if Helen sees us walking into the house together, she will get very suspicious.”

Cade replied “You’re right, we’re be better off in here.” Cade paused then asked “So how were you able to come up with potions like that? They obviously work, just look at what happened.”

Amelia replied “Well, I have been experimenting with botanicals and natural medicine since I was 16. I have read many volumes on the subject. In fact, that’s what made me want to be a gardener, so I could harvest the plants to make my potions.”

“That is awesome, especially that love potion. I never felt so passionate.” He paused then said “All that love making made me hungry, especially since we weren’t able to eat much of our breakfast, and no lunch. I have some food in here, it’s not the best though.” Cade said, and continued “But it should give us energy to sustain us. Would you like some chocolate?”

Amelia nodded then said “Most definitely, if we mix chocolate with my love potion, imagine the passionate intimacy we will experience.”

Cade said “That’s very true.” He paused then continued “Well, say no more, I will get us some chocolate.” Cade reached into a dark corner, by the light of his flashlight and reached into the crate for two bars. Suddenly he heard a hissing sound and then a painful grip on his arm. He looked at his arm and saw two puncture wounds. It was now burning. “Dang it, a snake just bit me.” He screamed in pain.

Amelia asked “Is there anything to kill it with?” Cade was shrieking in pain and then said “Get my Kel Lite, I am going to beat it to death.” Amelia ran to the door, retrieved the long flashlight and handed it to Cade. With the aid of his flashlight in his right he searched around the room. Finally he spotted the snake “Die, you miserable creature!” He screamed then struck the snake’s midsection. There was an angry hiss from the snake that was immobilized and bleeding. Cade then smashed the snake’s throat just below the head with the tail end of his KeL Lite.

“Get a drinking cup and the snakes head, I can heal you.” Amelia said. Cade took his new pocket knife and cut off the snakes head. He then handed it to Amelia. She took her penlight and examined his wound. “It’s not that deep, but I will make an antidote for you just in case any venom was injected into you.” Cade began to have chills and blurred vision. His arm burned horribly also. Amelia hurriedly took the cup and searched into her backpack for an antidote potion. She then opened a jug of water and poured it into the mixture as she said, “Here drink this.”

Cade immediately drank the mixture, in one gulp. Amelia then said “Now you just rest, Cade. I will take care of you.” Amelia said, as she rested his head into her lap. She felt his head and spoke “Oh, you have a terrible fever, but that is your body killing off the venom proteins. The potion should do the trick in time.”

“You are truly a life saver, Amelia, I know before this happened I said I want you forever, but you saving my life confirms this feeling that much more. I owe my life to you and I will be your husband as soon as I am better.” Cade said as he breathed hard.

Amelia rubbed his face and spoke, “Just rest now, you will get better in time.” He smiled and nestled his head in her legs.

She kissed his forehead and said “I will take good care of you, and when you are better, I am going to make wonderful love to you again.” Cade smiled up at her.

Hours passed.

Amelia felt Cade’s forehead and spoke gently, “Your fever is going down, let me check your eyes.” She took her Eveready penlight then said, “Your pupils are looking normal. Looks like my potion is working.”

Cade looked up at Amelia, then said “I have my dad to thank for selling me that Kel Lite at a discount price.”

“Well I normally don’t like weapons,” Amelia said and continued “I am a healer, or at least I would like to think of myself as one. But I guess I can see a purpose for them.”

Cade said, “You are a healer in my book, you saved my life and I am in debt to you. I will give you anything I can afford.”

Amelia smiled and asked, “Do you still want to get married?”

Cade replied, “More than ever, are you sure that’s all you want?”

Amelia nodded and said, “As long as you promise to love and cherish me for the rest of your life.”

Cade smiled and said, “It is done, and believe me I will give you that and much more.” Cade reached into his pocket and handed Amelia the watch.

“Oh Cade, it’s beautiful,” She said.

Cade replied, “And that’s just the beginning if we are to get married.”

Amelia smiled and kissed him, then said, “You rest.”

He fell asleep in her arms and she watched him through the night, looking at her new timepiece and counting the hours. Finally it was the hour of three A.M. She woke Cade up kissing him on the forehead. Cade arose and Amelia asked him, “How do you feel?”

Cade answered, “Like a million dollars. Those drugs you gave me really worked.”

Amelia smiled and asked, “Are you still serious about marrying me?”

Cade replied, “I am serious as the complications I would have had from that snake bite had you not healed me.” She smiled and kissed him.

There was a silence for a moment then Amelia asked, “You think you’re able to drive?”

Cade replied, “I don’t see why not.”

Amelia then said, “Well, can you take me to the property line, so I can go back to work? I want to be back at Ms. Helen’s, under the cover of darkness so she does not get suspicious.”

Cade replied, “Your wish is my command.” With that they exited the shelter. By the light of their flashlights, they walked to Cade’s truck. There was a dampness in the early morning air, as they stepped into the truck. Cade said “I am going to miss you so much. How did Shakespeare say it? Parting is such sweet sorrow?!”

Amelia smiled and said “It’s only for a little while. I cannot wait until the next time I am in your arms.” She leaned over, grabbed and kissed him. Sadly, they drove back to the house. The sun had not yet come up when Amelia said “Cade, I have to go now, so I can get home without Ms. Helen knowing anything.” She gave him a long passionate kiss, then said “I cannot wait to see you again though.”

Cade asked “Can I see you later today?”

Amelia replied “I will try to work next to the property line again, just look for me.” They kissed once again then Amelia said “You rest for a while, go lay down in the house.” They then departed as Amelia blew Cade a kiss.

Cade unlocked the house then went lay down in the bedroom. He turned on the bedside radio and listened to the weather report. The meteorologist said “There will be hot temperatures and high humidity all through the day. Be prepared for possible heat generated thunderstorms in the mid-to-late afternoon. For tonight warm and muggy.” After listening to the weather report Cade turned off his radio then set the alarm on his Micronta watch for nine and went to sleep. Cade fell asleep and dreamed many dreams about Amelia. He woke up at nine in the morning to the buzzing of his watch alarm. He then got dressed, and walked to the telephone on the wall, to call up his dad. He dialed the number

His dad picked up, “Jennings Supply. Van Jennings here.”

Cade replied, “Hey it’s me. I am almost done with the fence. I stayed overnight on the property.”

“Alright, that is fine,” His dad replied.

Cade continued, “I met a young lady, whilst fixing the fence. She is a gardener for Ms. Helen. I guess I’ll just say the truth: I spent the evening with her.”

His dad said, sternly, “Well, you know you had better be prepared to marry her then.”

Cade replied “Yes, I know. She already wants to.”

There was a silence on the phone, then Cade said “I have another story to tell you.”

He paused then continued, “We spent the night in the shelter. I was bit by a copperhead in there. She healed me and saved my life. She knows to how create natural medicines from plant extracts, and thank God she had an antidote potion in her backpack. She cured my snakebite.”

Cade’s dad replied, “I want to meet this girl. We will definitely do something for her, as a reward for saving your life.”

“Could it be something that takes her away from Helen Williams? She hates working for that horrible woman, and if she is going to marry me she will be fired. Worst of all if she gets fired she will be thrown out of her dwelling on Ms. Helen’s property.”

His dad then replied, “I’ll see what I can do, and what the rest of the family is willing to do. Until then, you finish fixing up the fence and if there’s anything else that needs to be repaired you tend to that as well. I have a lot of paperwork to catch up on.”

“Will do,” Cade said and they both hung up the phone.

Cade prepared his breakfast, ate, then continued working on the fence. The weather was just as the meteorologist predicted. While in the middle of repairing the fence, he needed to get some more U-Shaped fasteners from the shed. He walked in to see the work bench soaking wet. “There must have been a leak in the roof.” He said to himself with disgust. All of the hand tools were full of oxidation, many of them were antiques. All were ruined; screwdrivers, hammers, wrenches, sockets, ratchets, nails, wood screws, files, and sickles. Even the U fasteners he was looking for were encrusated with oxidation. All of the electrical tools were also soaking wet and ruined too. He cussed and kicked the wall of the shed “Durn it and dang it and son of a gun! Those tools have been in my family for generations. Now one stupid storm damages the shed roof, rain leaks in and they are all ruined. He took a rag, and wiped all of the water off of them. He then located the can of used oil and tried his best to coat them. After oiling the rusted implements, he brought them into the utility room of the old house and set them down. He then went back to the tool shed and cut off all of the breakers on the electrical box. While in there, he heard arguing. It was coming from Helen’s property. Instantly he placed the tools in his truck then drove to the property line to listen, because he had heard both Helen’s and Amelia’s voices.

Ms. Helen was reprimanding Amelia with anger, “People all over town are gossiping about how you and Cade Jennings were sitting in the diner, talking about aphrodisiacs. They are even saying that you and Cade mixed them in your drinks. Is this true?”

Cade stepped out from his eavesdropping and said “What if it were true? I am so fed up with all this small town gossip. Why should she be punished because of something I convinced her to do. It was my idea to drink her potion.”

Ms. Helen adjusted her glasses and looked sternly at Cade, as she spoke, “So it’s you that did this? I would have thought much better of you, Cade. You come from a family of upright people and then you go and do this? I am very disappointed in you.” She paused and then spoke to Amelia “And you, if you want to work for me and have your affordable housing, you better stop this filthy behavior right now.” She then told Amelia, dismissively “Now get back to work. And Cade you mind your own business.”

Cade replied, “Tell all those other nosy small town people with nothing better to do, that they should do the same.”

“Why should they?” Helen asked with anger and continued “If you are not doing anything wrong you should have nothing to hide.” Helen paused, then said “If anyone is doing something shameful, then he or she should and will be shunned. That way it will deter people from doing all things questionable.”

Cade who was now irritated once again said “Well what if everyone knew how you were illegally renting out rooms on your property? Don’t act so self-righteous.”

Ms. Helen grew very angry and agitated, “Shut your mouth young man. Didn’t your parents teach you not to question your elders?”

Quick-witted, Cade replied “Well didn’t yours teach you that honesty is the right thing to do? The way you treat your workers is very dishonest!”

“How would you know how I treat my workers?” Ms. Helen asked with great irritation.

Cade replied “It’s the talk of the town. Isn’t it something how you say that everyone should know if someone is doing something questionable.”

Ms. Helen was speechless.

Amelia smiled brightly at Cade.

Finally Ms. Helen broke the silence and said, “Cade, I am highly offended by your disrespect, but I don’t have the time to argue with you. Your parents are going to hear about that mouth you have, rest assured.” She looked at Amelia, then said “Come with me now, you have been standing here, not working all the time Cade and I were arguing. I am going to dock your pay.”

Amelia reluctantly followed from a slight distance, but turned around to look at Cade. She blew him a kiss, discreetly lifted her white sundress at him and then silently said “I love you Cade.” He read her lips and then spoke silently “I love you too, Amelia.” He then blew her a kiss.

He went back to working on the fence, with the few U Fasteners he could salvage. He felt quite proud of himself for telling that hateful old woman off. However, Cade felt worried for Amelia. He was very concerned that she was probably on the brink of losing her job. He knew of his dad’s strong suggestion for him to marry Amelia. The problem was that they would not have a place to stay. All the while he worked on the fence, until he was finished. He decided to stay the night on the property, and for the rest the weekend as well. After picking up the equipment from repairing the fence, Cade walked into the old house. He retrieved the Eveready screw top lantern and switched it on. He did it as a joke to himself, thinking the battery would be dead. He then was very surprised to see the light come right on. Cade grabbed a sickle and a file to sharpen it. When it was razor sharp, he placed it in the back of his truck. Then put the screw top lantern on the floor board of his truck and drove down to the storm shelter.

“Payback time!” He said to himself.

With his Kel Lite under his arm, screw top lantern in one hand and sickle in the other, he entered the shelter. He made it down to the main room and set the light down in the middle. With his tough leather boots on, and both the weapons in his hands, he began to kick all around the boxes and corners. He heard hissing and rattling. He could see a medium sized rattlesnake crawling across the floor. Immediately he hacked it in half then stomped on the head.

“I’m going to show those durn belly crawlers who owns this building, my family not them!” He said with an arrogant anger. He then kicked around a space between two boxes in a corner. He heard a very loud rattle. He backed up, and shined the light, which revealed a giant rattler. He swung down as hard as he could with the sickle striking it in the spine, then hacked it to pieces. There was another snake, this time a Coral. Cade made it his business to kill this one. Quickly, he chased it, then when it was cornered it. Quickly, he struck the snake’s head with his blade, then hacked it to pieces. After killing snakes, he picked up what was left of their bodies, and set them in an ice chest on the bed of his truck.

He went back into the house and dialed up his dad who answered, “Jennings Supply. Van Jennings here.”

Cade replied, “Dad I have some good news and some bad news.”

His dad then said, “Well, tell me the bad news first.”

Cade replied, “The storm shelter is snake infested and the tool shed’s roof was leaking. All of those antique tools in there were ruined.”

His dad then asked “Well, what’s the good news?” Cade replied “The fence is fixed.” His dad said “Well I want you to fix the roof of the shed. Any insurance money I get from those tools will be given to you and Amelia. I have also been considering giving that house to you and Amelia, if your aunt is all right with that. I wanted to give it to you, since you always like to be there and because you work hard. I figure you can fix it up with the insurance money.”

Cade then said “Well that would be awesome.” He paused then said “Are you sure, I know that house has sentimental value to you and Aunt Margie.”

His dad then replied, “We both have homes of our own, and if you will be getting married, you need a place of your own. The Lord commands it.”

Cade then asked “What could I do to repay you.”

His dad answered, “Always work hard, and do your best. Marry Amelia to get it right with the Lord. And gosh durn it, give me some grand children, I didn’t think you would ever give me any, now there’s hope for that.” His dad paused then said, “Now Cade, I have to go. I still have a lot of paperwork to file.”

Cade said “Well thank you, dad. I will try my best to make your proud.”

After hanging up, Cade feverishly worked to repair the roof of the shed, then went to the general store for mothballs. He charged them to the Jennings Supply account.

After the transaction was completed he placed them all around the shelter.

He searched all the rooms for snakes and killed several more.

Cade and Amelia would secretly meet at times throughout the days, usually before dawn or after dusk.

Amelia’s next day off was that Sunday. Cade heard at knock at the door as he way lying on the sofa listening to a Realistic Pocket Weather Radio.

The meterologist stated, “A severe thunderstorm will affect Checker and the surrounding area in about ten minutes.

He answered it and beheld Amelia, with her backpack. She smiled at him and asked, “Could I come in?”

Cade replied, “As if you even have to ask. Come right in. A storm is coming anyway.” She smiled even more and walked inside. Cade continued, “Well I have good news for you. “I talked to my dad about what happened with us in the shelter.” Amelia got nervous and began to shake.

Immediately Cade said, “No, don’t worry. He is not mad at us or anything. In fact he said that we need to get married, because of what we did. Furthermore he commanded me to give him some grandchildren.”

Amelia smiled as she said, “Well that is wonderful, it is what I wanted, and what you promised me.” She paused then said “But what about my job.”

Cade replied to her, “Well, I have more good news; I told my dad how you healed my snakebite and saved my life. He also feels in debt to you, and is willing to give you something of value. I suggested to him that it should be something to get you away from Ms. Helen.”

Amelia then asked, “How do you know that you can get me away from that witch?”

Cade replied “Well, my dad wants us to have this old house.”

Amelia kissed Cade, then asked “What would you like to do?”

Cade replied “What do you think?”

Cade made love to Amelia until she collapsed with pleasure on top of him. There they became intimate once again, with a bursting of release just as the lightning flashed and the thunder sounded. They cuddled on the couch for an hour, holding each other completely naked, passionately kissing and petting.

There was a knock at the door, suddenly, Cade asked, shouting “Who’s here?”

It was Ms. Helen as she spoke, “Who do you think it is?”

Cade whispered to Amelia, “Take your clothes and go hide in the bathroom.” She nodded in fear and went hide. Cade put on his trousers and his undershirt, and opened the door. Immediately Ms. Helen barged in through the doorway and into the house.

Cade demanded, “Hey what do you think you are doing? I didn’t give you permission to enter in here.”

“Shut your mouth, your just a little fledgling out of the nest, I don’t need permission from you to do anything.”

Cade, walking to the phone on the wall, warned, “If you don’t leave now, I will call the sheriff’s department.”

Ms. Helen, even more angered, “How dare you! Just try it. I personally know the sheriff and his deputies won’t dare do me anything.”

Cade, basically out of options asked her “What do you want from me?”

Ms. Helen replied, “First of all, I want you to lose that disrespectful attitude you have. Then I want to know where Amelia is.”

Cade once again angered said, “Its her day off. What do you want with her?”

Ms. Helen replied with great irritation, “Don’t question me, she is my worker and this doesn’t concern you. Anyway, how would you know it’s her day off?” She paused then continued “What’s that musty odor in here? It smells like you have been screwing in here. That’s why you took so long to answer the door. Amelia is in here, isn’t she? And you are fornicating with her, aren’t you?”

Cade reached in the nightstand drawer for his granddad’s old Peacemaker revolver. He pulled the hammer back pointed it at her and then said, “Get your old, ugly behind out of here now! You are not welcome here ever again!”

Ms. Helen left. As she exited she said “Mark my words, this isn’t over. You can tell Amelia she is fired, for being such an ungrateful little whore.” She stormed out of the door, slamming it behind her. Cade watched her leave the property, then knocked on the bathroom door.

Amelia asked “Cade is that you?” “Yes Amelia, it’s me. Get dressed and come out, we have some trouble.”

Amelia, who was already dressed stepped out of the bathroom and asked “What’s the matter?”

Cade replied, “Ms. Helen has decided to fire you.”

Amelia asked in distress, “What? Why? I did nothing. At least nothing that she knows of.”

Cade then said, “She could smell your girly scent in the room, after she barged into the house. I guess that was enough proof for her to know that we are fornicating.”

“Well how did you convince her to leave?” Amelia asked.

Cade replied “My granddad’s old Peacemaker scared her off nicely.”

Amelia laughed, slightly, but then was overcome with anxiety. She asked Cade “Where will I stay now?”

Cade answered, “I think we should go talk to my dad, and see what he can do for us.” Amelia nodded.

Cade continued, “We can go talk to him right now, if you want. He is off today, and this is his only day off.” Cade paused then said “I’ll only take you to meet my family if you want me to.”

Amelia replied “Yes, let’s go. I only hope that they help us.”

Cade reassured her, “Well the fact that we have fornicated, they will definitely want us to get married. Furthermore, you saved my life, I don’t think they will forget that.”

Amelia smiled and nodded.

“Let’s just wait for this storm to pass,” Cade said.

“I would make love to you again, but I’m very shook up,” Amelia said sheepishly.

Cade turned on the Realistic Pocket Weatheradio again and they listened.

Finally they had heard of how the severe weather warnings had expired.

With that Cade grabbed his keys, they walked to his truck and drove to his dad’s house.

Cade drove his truck up the gravel road.

Amelia said “I am so nervous, I hope your dad approves of me.”

Cade replied “He strongly wants us to marry. He even said he wanted grandchildren from us.” Cade paused and then said “Just act proper, and he will like you very much. My dad obviously already knows we have been intimate. That is why he wants us to marry.”

Cade parked in the driveway, and escorted Amelia out of the truck. He knocked on his dad’s door, and was greeted immediately. Cade’s dad motioned for them to come in. Both Cade and Amelia sat down on the dining room table as Van talked to them. He said “Well, she sure is a pretty young lady, Cade.”

Amelia blushed and said, “Thank you Mr. Jennings.”

Cade’s dad replied “I’m old but not that old. Call me Mr. Van.”

Amelia smiled and nodded her head. Cade’s dad then said “Now, in all seriousness, I think it is urgent that you two marry as soon as possible. I want your relationship to be right in the eyes of the Lord.”

Both nodded.

Van continued “Now I am going to have to call Aunt Margie over, so we will all be in agreement over who gets what on the property.” Mr. Van called his sister on the phone, and immediately she came over.

She opened the door, and said, “Well hello again Amelia. It’s good to see you again.”

She then faced towards Van and said, “All right, I understand that they want to be given the old house. I am fine with that. I would like my three kids to have the unoccupied land adjacent to that house.” She paused then continued, “I also want you to build their houses when the time is right. You’re a very good worker.” Cade smiled and said “Wow, that’s it?” Both his dad and his aunt nodded. His aunt then said, “I want all of us to have access to the storm shelter.”

Cade replied, “Well of course.” He paused then continued “Well speaking of the storm shelter, I had to treat it, because it was crawling with snakes, and at this time of the year we will need it the most.”

Both nodded.

Amelia then spoke “I have just been fired by Helen Williams. And the fact that I am marrying will not allow me to ever get my job back.”

Cade interjected, “Don’t worry about working, I will support you.”

“Well I am expecting that. You’ve got a durn good young lady here who saved your skin and you need to love her and cherish her for the rest of your life!” Van interrupted.

Amelia then continued “Helen Williams will be next door to us. She will probably cause us a lot of misery.”

Cade said, “Yes that is true, I was just talking to a deputy about that situation, and he told me his hands are tied from dealing with her because his boss has been accepting bribes from that wretched woman.”

“Oh really. Is that so?” Margie said with irritation, then continued “Well, I can put an end to that. I will tell the sheriff that neither he nor any of his deputies will never eat for free ever again at my diner. At least not until this is resolved.”

Cade’s dad then said “Well, I have been supplying the sheriff’s department with all kinds of gear at a great discount. Unless he deals with Helen Williams, I will charge him full retail price, plus an extra 25%. We will see if Helen Williams can carry on like she does.”

Amelia then said “She is also renting out rooms illegally on her property and she exposes her workers to all sorts of danger. She also pays very unfair wages.”

Cade’s aunt said “Well again, until she is fined or disciplined, I will not give any member of our Sheriff’s Department free food anymore.”

Van then said “Likewise for me supplying them at discount, now, Cade; I want you to get your stuff together. Since you two will move into that house; I want you to get married, pronto!”

Amelia looked at Cade with lust as she said “Could we do it tomorrow, and just go to the Justice of the Peace? I can’t take another day away from him.”

Cade kissed her and then said “It’s fine by me, Amelia. I too don’t know how I will be able to control myself.”

“Good, that’s what I wanted to hear,” Van said then continued “I want both of you to love each other, but make it right in God’s eyes.”

Back to “Works of Fiction”Back to “Works of Fiction”

 

 

 

A Review of the Streamlight Pro Tac 2 AAA Tactical Penlight

Just for the record, I do not own the featured image on this page. It is actually the property of Streamlight Inc.

Since my teens, I have been a self-taught computer technician.

I had become considerably proficient at fixing computers in my early twenties and by my thirties, people are frequently coming to me for a repair or at least consulting me for advice.

I guess I can say that I am a computer nerd. And I am proud of it!

However, there are those that want to make trouble with people like me.

And then there are those who just want to make trouble.

There are people like these even in the best of workplaces.

Then there could just be someone off the street who wants to commit a robbery, I mean computer equipment is very valuable and computer repair equipment is also somewhat valuable.

How does one defend oneself against such a belligerent individual?

I mean, they are probably more fit physically and carrying a weapon of any sort is at best heavily regulated and at worst downright illegal.

Meet the tactical flashlight!

Specifically, meet the Streamlight Pro Tac 2 AAA model, which this piece will be a review of.

I have owned three of them, but misplaced two.

I bought my first one in January of 2018, then another in March of 2018 and my current one in March of 2019.

I EDC my current one with the rest of my computer repair tools for self-defense purposes, rather than general or specific illumination.

This neat little flashlight is slightly longer and thicker than an ink pen, meaning it can be tucked away in a backpack or purse and not noticeable until needed.

The Streamlight Pro Tac 2 AAA can be programmed to three different configurations, which is a feature known as “TEN-TAP® Programming.” The three different modes are:

1. high/strobe/low

2. high only

3. low/high

I have kept mine set on the default high/strobe/low configuration (more on why in a bit.)

The LED light engine has somewhat generous specs, at least for its hardware setup:

High Mode features a 130 lumen 70-meter beam, runs for 1.75 hours and has a beam intensity of 1,230 candelas.

Low Mode features a 20 lumen 30-meter beam, runs for 13 hours and has a beam intensity of 230 candelas.

Strobe Mode runs 3.5 hours and is available for signaling help or disorienting an opponent for defensive purposes.

This flashlight is somewhat water-resistant and has a rating of IPX7 which means the unit is waterproof to a depth of 1 meter for 30 minutes.

It is also impact forgiving and was tested to withstand a fall from a height of 2 meters.

It is constructed of a very durable and abrasion-resistant machined aluminum with a Type II Mil-Spec anodized finish.

The openings are O-ring sealed to keep harmful fluids out.

The glass lens is more robust than say a polycarbonate lens.

It is 5.62 inches (14.27 cm) long and weighs 2 ounces (57g) with batteries installed.

So how is this flashlight a potential self-defense instrument?

I will explain:

First off it is made of a hard Aluminum.

Then, the front bezel is scalloped making a semi-sharp striking weapon.

Finally, it features a strobe which can disorient an attacker, especially in darkness.

The idea is one knows he or she will near any trouble makers to have this flashlight in a place where it can be quickly deployed.

Then if confronted by a violent or threatening individual, especially in the dark, the idea is to activate the strobe, which is done by two quick presses of the switch and shine it in the opponent’s eyes. As the opponent shields his or her face, the next step is to either run away and get help, or to stike the opponent as hard as you can with the scalloped bezel. Places to hit would be the face, eyes, throat or temple as hard as you can. When the impact is made, push and turn into the point of impact as this will break the skin and cause more pain and therefore more stopping power. There are a few videos on sites like YouTube that can show how to execute these movements with better precision and effectiveness than what I am simply describing on my blog. Yes, this methodology turns a small flashlight into a potentially lethal weapon. The good part is that, while it is not considered a weapon legally, it, therefore,may be carried almost anywhere.

Also for the record, I am not liable for any criminal or legal penalties you, the reader, may incur for using this as a weapon. Take my advice and the advice of others at your own risk.

Unfortunately, we live in a society that punishes people for simply defending themselves, even against armed and dangerous criminals. This is a curse that seems to be falling onto the entire Western World.

However, it is better to be judged by twelve than carried by six.

I would advise using this only if the opponent is wielding a weapon, has battered you first or has demanded your property.

This is meant to be a defensive, not an offensive weapon.

Still, it can be a legal equalizer without the red tape, obligations, and requirements of a concealed carry weapons permit.

My one complaint about this flashlight is the faulty pocket clip.

That design needs to be completely redone, as it was the faulty clip that malfunctioned and caused me to misplace my first two.

I keep my third one in a dedicated compartment of my EDC backpack with my computer repair tools and if I felt the need to carry it, I would not clip it to my pocket but rather store it deep in my pocket.

I wish the LED could also be at least 200 lumens instead of 130, but that I pushing it, I get it.

All in all, I give this product a 4.75 out of 5 stars because of the faulty pocket clip.

If the pocket clip were as robust as its 2 AA sibling, I would give it a full 5.

This, therefore, concludes my review of the Streamlight Pro Tac 2 AAA.

I hope you, the reader, have been informed and entertained…

Back to “Product Reviews”

About Television

This piece is about television: Analog…Digital…Cable…Broadcast…

I watch broadcast television.

When I say that, I mean “free” television that is received over the air with an antenna.

I don’t subscribe to any cable, satellite or Internet Protocol television at all.

Many other Millenials like me also do not subscribe to any pay television.

BUT, initially, I did it for different reasons than my fellow Millenials.

However, many of my fellow Millenials do subscribe to one or more streaming services, I don’t.

I am a total cord cutter and my only data traffic comes in and out on my cell phone.

Growing up, my parents always subscribed to cable.

They are indeed Baby Boomers and that generation almost as a whole fervently believes in subscribing to cable.

I think this is because, when they were growing up, the only people who had “clear” television reception were the city dwellers and everyone else had frequent reception issues. Not only that, there were maybe three main channels in a given market when they were growing up, whereas cable offers dozens to hundreds of channels. Cable was also much cheaper in the early days. I remember both my parents and grandparents saying how cable television was $8/month when they began subscribing.

However, myself and maybe other Millenials have noticed that since about the late 2000s cable television has skyrocketed in cost but plummeted in quality programming-change my (our) mind(s)!

I would dare say that it is not even worth eight 2019 dollars a month unless one lives totally out of any broadcast reception range (like maybe Texas, between San Antonio and El Paso or other extremely rural areas.)

When the Baby Boomers were much younger adults in the 1980s and 1990s, cable was wonderful, I’ll admit it and I’ll admit it until the cows come home. I was a child back then, but I remember how cable used to be very good. Nickelodeon had awesome cartoons and sketch comedies. VH1 and MTV actually played music videos! Arts and Entertainment, The History Channel and the Discovery Channel didn’t show constant reruns, but actually had very original and equally educational shows! TBS and TNT and USA Network had much more diverse and sometimes original programming unlike now where they mostly air reruns of shows that are already on broadcast television for free! And get this: CNN actually reported credible news without so much biased commentary!

I first “cut the cable” in the Summer of 2003, when I was sixteen and a half.

I finally had my own television, a 1992 Zenith Sentry 2 and I wanted to experiment with it.

This means that my initial reason for cutting cable was strictly experimental.

So I purchased a set of rabbit ears and a loop and connected them to that aforementioned television.

I would spend hours scanning the channels and constantly repositioning the antennas to see which stations I could receive.

At the time, I lived about sixty miles from Baton Rouge, fifty miles from New Orleans, and maybe eight miles from Houma, the three closest cities with television stations.

The rest of my family thought I was crazy.

My classmates that found out also thought I was crazy.

Let’s just say I was a cord cutter well before doing so was cool.

I guess that makes me at least partially a hipster.

I may sometimes wear my newsboy hat, but I refuse to grow a beard, so there.

This went on from 2003 to about 2006 and was basically before the June 12, 2009, FCC Digital Upgrade Mandate.

I will say that when comparing analog and digital broadcast television, both have some advantages as well as disadvantages.

Since the television I had was only an analog model and I didn’t yet have a converter box, I was only able to watch analog television.

However, analog television signals were able to travel further and could be received with lower quality antennas than their modern digital counterparts. Also, an analog television signal could still be intelligibly received whilst the receiver was in motion and even mobile (like in a car!)

All I had were rabbit ears and a loop, but I could catch both of the then VHF High New Orleans stations WYES-12 (didn’t watch much on it, but it had the clearest picture of all) and WVUE-8 (watched The Simpsons every Sunday night on there) almost perfectly. Most of the UHF New Orleans stations WNOL-38 (watched The Simpsons every weeknight on it), WHNO-20 (watched some preachers on there), WPXL-49 easily. The other UHF New Orleans-area stations WUPL-54, WGNO-26, WLAE-32 were hit and miss. The two VHF Low Band stations in New Orleans WWL-4 (despite being one of the most powerful television stations in the country) and WDSU-6 were difficult to catch, and had lots of static on my then configuration but would come in every now and then (and WDSU-6 had beautiful color when it did come in properly, it was always fun to watch Golf or Racing on there.) I could also catch the VHF High Band station out of Baton Rouge WAFB-9 all the time, (in fact when I wasn’t in school or working, I would watch As the World Turns on there.) The VHF Low Band station in Baton Rouge, WBRZ-2 would come in every now and then but always had lots of static. As for the UHF Baton Rouge stations, I could catch WVLA-33 most of the time and every now and then could catch WGMB-44 (would also watch The Simpsons on there when I could), which wasn’t even on my parents’ cable service. Sometimes the picture was almost clear, most of the time the picture was overall intelligible, but with some snow and white noise. These results were pretty much acceptable considering the antenna was an indoor model maybe six feet up and up to sixty miles away from the stations. Sometimes various forms of radio skip would occur and I would catch television stations from other states! That was always interesting and of course, caught my undivided attention. KFOL-30 (HTV-10) out of Houma was almost always guaranteed to come in but sometimes had a least a little white noise and snow in the signal.

I will say that it is virtually impossible in that location with that antenna setup to receive most of those stations since they switched to digital mode.

In December 2007, my then girlfriend, now ex-wife and I purchased our first Digital Ready television. It was a 24 inch Dynex CRT we purchased from Best Buy and was a Christmas gift to each other. Later on that day, I hooked up my rabbit ears and a loop to it excited to see what I could catch. We were living in her parents’ trailer in Raceland, Louisiana, which adversely affect television reception with that setup. However, I was only able to get WWL-36 (virtual channel 4.1) though sometimes it would come in clearly and beautifully but other times it would freeze up and fade out. One of the first things I remember catching on there was the “Happy Holidays” commercial for the New Orleans Public Belt Railroad. We also watched the CBS Evening News where Democratic presidential candidate Bill Richardson was being interviewed. Later that night I went to Wal Mart and purchased a set of rabbit ears and a loop with a built-in amplifier. This only made a marginal difference. For almost a year, we watched broadcast television with hit and miss results, then in the Summer of 2008, my now ex-wife but then girlfriend began subscribing to cable, which also meant home internet and phone. Also in the Summer of 2008, I applied for the coupons for a digital converter box. When they came in, I went to Wal Mart, purchased one and installed it on my old Zenith at my parents’ house.

On June 12, 2009, all full-power American television stations shut off their analog signals and began broadcasting strictly in digital.

Fast forward to the Spring of 2016. My then wife, now ex-wife and I were living in a second story apartment in Raceland, Louisiana. I had a man cave with that Dynex television and bought a cheap flat panel antenna for it. My then now ex-wife either watched Uverse in the bedroom or living room. I could catch a good bit of the New Orleans stations and the one Houma station since I was on the second floor and had a height advantage. I was never able to catch any of the Baton Rouge stations though and that irritated me, especially since they weren’t on our Uverse subscription either. At the time, however, I was more interested in listening to railroad communications on my scanners. In late 2017, my now ex-wife was badgering me how she wanted a ground floor apartment and since our neighbors below us moved out, we applied for and got it. This put a damper on my television and scanner reception. But even though my marriage was falling apart, I knew she had mobility issues and was even then was trying to appease her and her family. In early January of 2018, we mutually decided to cancel our Uverse television subscription and use Netflix and antennas but keep the Internet service in order to save money and pay down debt. Being on the bottom floor meant less television [and scanner] reception. However, I remember my ex watching Inside Edition and they were doing a piece on President Trump’s questionable diet. We could only catch WWL-36/(4.1) and KFOL-30. I wasn’t too happy about that, but I chalked it up to her wanting so badly to move downstairs. Then, I had found out some stuff she was doing behind my back coupled with years of mistreatment and I left her later that month also later that month and I applied for an apartment on the outskirts of Houma, Louisiana. I stayed with a friend until that apartment became available.

My ex wanted me to keep that old Dynex television, but I refused because I didn’t want to be reminded of her. God only knows where it is now.

I got my own apartment on May 1, 2018, and what was really a blessing is that I was offered a second-floor unit and gladly took it (a vertically higher position equals better television and scanner reception.)

Between leaving my ex and getting my own apartment, I purchased a 24 inch LG flat screen model and watched it at a friends house. it was hooked up to an attic antenna and I caught just about every station from New Orleans but none from Houma or Baton Rouge. This is because that attic antenna was a directional model and pointed at New Orleans. It also doubled as my computer monitor for the time being.

A few days after moving into my apartment, I set up my LG television. I knew I was not going to get cable and since my ex kept the other televisions and antennas we had, I went to The Ruble, I mean The Dollar General and purchased another flat antenna. I tried multiple several spots in my living room, until realizing that placing it in the window that faces the Gulf of Mexico, for whatever reasons pulls the stations in. I caught a few New Orleans stations and of course the one station in Houma. What is very strange though is I initially tried placing my antenna in the window that faces New Orleans but didn’t catch ANY stations doing so.

I used my phone for all of my Internet use, but many times I ended up with throttled data. In July of 2018, I had begun subscribing to Internet through Comcast. I had it until April of 2019 when I purchased a good enough mobile data plan to where I didn’t need home Internet anymore. Once again, I became a cord cutter!

Also a few days ago, my brother and his wife gave me their Samsung 43 inch Smart TV, since they upgraded. I put my LG in my bedroom and this Samsung television in my living room. However, I’ve noticed that while Samsung televisions do have very beautiful pictures, their RF tuning circuits aren’t that sensitive. LG televisions have superior RF tuning circuits and I think that has something to do with the fact that they merged with Zenith! Okay, that 1992 Zenith television also had a very good tuner and actually it was in my family until about 2010 or 2011! My maternal grandma also swore by Zenith televisions to the point where she referred to all remotes as “the Space Command.” I’ve also been told that her husband, my grandpa also swore by Zenith products, but he died 29 years before I was born. Anyway, that’s why I am so prejudiced in favor of Zenith and now LG! It was January of 2006 when I had found out that LG and Zenith merged. I was highly ticked off because, at the time, I had found that LG made junky phones, however, nowadays they make pretty decent phones and because of that Zenith engineering that they inherited, their televisions have the best tuners, hands down. I could give other detailed examples of this too, drop me a line and I will. So earlier this evening I purchased a better antenna for the Samsung and if need be, I will also get an amplifier. I cannot wait for it to come in. Currently, it only catches WWL-36/(4.1, 4.2, 4.3) and KFOL-30/(30.1, 30.3.) By the way, the LG television in my bedroom picks up a few New Orleans stations and of course the one station in Houma. I purchased the antenna for it at The Family Dollar and it is mounted high up on the wall that faces the Gulf of Mexico.

Now digital television does have its advantages over its analog ancestor. While the reception range is shortened, the picture quality is highly superior when the signal comes in properly. Also, the bandwidth required for one analog channel can fit six digital channels! Couple a good tuner and antenna system, most users can have a choice of channels that is almost on par with basic cable, but it costs nothing! Well, one does need a good antenna and that might also mean a tower, some coax, amplifiers, and a digital ready television or converter box, but the setup would pay for itself in one to three months!

As I stated on Facebook, I wish we could marry the signal strength and transmission range of analog television with the picture quality and channel capacity of digital television…It was that Facebook post I made earlier today that inspired me to write this piece!

But wouldn’t it be nice if ATSC 3.0 solves that exact issue, though?

If I were to live alone forever, I would probably be a cord cutter forever!

In fact, the only way I can see myself ever subscribing to cable again would be when/if my girlfriend and I marry and buy a house together. This would be so she can watch her Hallmark movies and listen to her Christian music on Music Choice. I’ll also admit that I’d be glad to watch and listen to that with her as those are one of the few rare modern perks of cable television. She treats me so well and because of that, I want her to be able to spoil her as much as possible and while I don’t currently believe in subscribing to cable, I would do it for her in a heartbeat. There are so many other things I want to do for her too as well. For the record though, we would have an antenna though for a backup for when the cable goes out.

Broadcast television has overall gotten better and cable has obviously gotten worse.

There need to be drastic changes in the cable and other subscription television industries as a whole, or more and more will get fed up and start hooking up antennas instead. They will lose too many customers and that will serve them right for charging too much for too little.

One of those changes I suggest is, if hospitals, hotels/motels, and even prisons can have cable without that freakin’ box (pardon my language but this really irritates me and therefore, unfortunately, warrants such crude language) and just plug the television directly into the cable wire, why can’t the average consumer do the same? I’ve been asking that question publically since 2016, but it has been on my mind much longer. Most of it is fueled by seeing my paternal grandma struggle to operate her cable box and her husband, my Paw Paw (God rest his soul) flat out give up on television because of the complexity of operating the cable box

I discovered broadcast television as an experiment but now rely on it daily for entertainment and information.

I much prefer broadcast over cable and I get mixed reactions for this preference.

I hope this piece has been informative and entertaining…

Notes on the Texas Instruments TI-36 Calculator

I have EDCed a Texas Instruments TI-36 X Pro (2011 version) either on my person, in my backpack or otherwise very near me since June of 2014. It is my favorite scientific calculator ever made!

For some time now, I had also been EDCing a composition book in my backpack and taking notes on subjects that interest me.

This page of notes pertains to the history of the TI-36 calculator and I will cite my main source as Wikipedia. I took these notes on October 14, 2018.

Without further ado, here are the notes:

These are details of the history and specifications of the TI-36.

The Texas Instruments TI-36 began in 1986 as an upgraded variant of the TI-35 Plus with Solar Cells a ten digit mantissa, two digit exponents, twelve-digit internal precision, base calculations (decimal, hexadecimal, octal and binary), complex values, statistics, the ability to convert the coordinates of polar and rectangular angles, an X-Y exchange, percentages, register-current stack exchange, factorial, permutation/combination, fifteen level parenthesis with six pending operation stacks, two operand registers (A,B) and one memory register.

The 1986 TI-35 Plus uses a Toshiba T7767.

The 1986 TI-36 Solar uses a Toshiba T7768 and features trigonometric functions, exponents, logarithms and intelligent order of operations.

They were upgraded in 1989.

The 1989 TI-35 Plus now uses a Toshiba T-7765 and now has a black shell.

The TI-36 Solar features smaller and more efficient solar cells. The Text, “ANYLITE SOLAR” replaces “SCIENTIFIC” on the bottom right of the face.

They were upgraded again in 1991 as the TI-35X or the TI-36X SOLAR and had a similar design of the TI-68, but lacking programming capability and the tilted screen.

There was also the addition of unit conversions such as: centimeters to inches, liters to US Gallons, kilograms to pounds, Celsius to Fahrenheit and grams to ounces, eight physical constants, a three-count register and two variable statistics with linear regression.

Base calculations now include Boolean logic (NOT, AND, OR, XOR, XNOR.)

Other new features included cube roots, fraction mode display and conversion of pure and mixed numbers.

The complex function was removed.

They have fifteen parenthesis stack level.

The 1991 TI-35X uses a Toshiba T6A58S and the 1991 TI-36 X Solar use a Toshiba T6A57.

They were mostly cosmetic upgrades in 1993, featuring redesigns of rubber like keys and a rounder case.

In 1996, the TI-36X Solar was upgraded with recolored labels, solid plastic keys. A bare processor was now attached to the motherboard.

The TI-35 was also discontinued.

In 1999 two variants of the TI-36 were released to the markets:

The TI-36 eco RS featuring a cabinet that was made from recycled plastics.

The TI-36 XII featured a two-line display, 11 5X7 cell characters, could store multiple expressions each holding eighty-eight characters, thirteen digit internal precision, five registers for memory, two registers for expressions, integer division, new unit conversions (meters to feet, meters to yards, kilometers to miles, litres-to UK Gallons and kilometers per hour to meters per second), eight more physical constants in addition to a Pi constant, two variable statistic regression models include natural logarithms, exponent, power, forty-two sample points or pairs can be stored, the binary base calculation was removed, the complex function was restored, supports conjugate, real/imaginary numbers, absolute value, integral calculation, random number generators, stacks were increased to twenty-three pending operations, eight pending values, a D-pad and a restyled cabinet.

2004 brought on another two upgrades:

The TI-36X SOLAR, which was a total cosmetic redesign on the 1996 model design. This new theme was based on the 2004 BA II Plus or the 2003 TI-1706SV.

There was also a slight redesign on the 1999 TI-36 XII, mostly different colored keys.

These were manufactured by Nam Tai Electronics.

In 2005, a talking version of the TI-36 known as the Orion was made to help the visually impaired.

2011 brought about the latest incarnation, the TI-36 X Pro.

Expression lengths were reduced to eight characters. Registers were increased to eight for memory, one for formula and can store three list formulas. Physical constants were increased by four to twenty, conversion sets increased to forty. Binary base calculations were restored.

A plethora of new functions were added:
Least common multiple, greatest common denominator, prime factors summation, product rounded value, integer part of a number, fractional part of a number, greatest integer smaller or equal to the number, minimum and maximum of the two numbers, Modulo calculus numeric derivative symmetric difference quotient method, two variable statistics, quadratic and cubic regressions, distribution functions, normal probability density function, mean=0 and sigma=1, function of x, probability between x boundaries, inverse cumulative normal distribution functions for a given area under the normal distribution curve with a user-specified mean and standard deviation, probability at x for the discrete binomial distribution with user-specified mean and standard deviation, probability at x for the discrete binomial distribution with user-specified trial number and probability of success per trial, cumulative probability at x for binomial distribution with specified trial number of success per trial, probability at y and y for Poisson distribution with the specified mean, statistics results min/max of x values 25/75 percentile, function table formula based generator, manual table Matrix three editable tables, preset 2X2 and 3X3 identity matrices, matrix arithmetic vector three editable tables, preset last matrix/vector result, vector arithmetic, dot product, cross product, polynomial solver 2nd/3rd degree solver, linear equation solver 2X2 and 3X3 solver, Base-N operations, Boolean operators, expression evaluation, complex numbers, polar coordinate entry, polar cartesian display mode angle for complex number.

In 2017 and continuing, the TI-36 X Pro is now made in The Philipines.

The TI-35 and TI-36 lines are the highest end models of Texas Instruments scientific calculators.

TI-36 Calculator History Table:
YEAR……..Model………Processor……..Country of Manufacture
1986……..TI-35 PLUS….Toshiba T7767….Italy
1986……..TI-36 SOLAR…Toshiba T7768….Taiwan ROC
1991……..”” “”………Toshiba T6A57….Italy
1996……..TI-36 X SOLAR.??……………Mainland China
1999……..TI-36 eco RS..??……………”” “”
1999……..TI-36 X II……??……………”” “”
2004……..”” “”………??……………”” “”
2004……..TI-36 X SOLAR.??……………”” “”
2011……..TI-36 X Pro…??……………Mainland China
2017……..”” “”………??……………The Philipines

Notes on Weather Radios

I first discovered Weather Radios in December of 2001 when I was 14 going on 15. That previous spring and summer I had begun to cultivate an interest in all forms of radio communications. As previously stated, I always had a fascination with weather. So, to me, a weather radio seemed to be a pretty cool device.

I wrote these notes on Weather Radios in the composition book I had been EDCing on October 3, 2018. The main source for these notes I have taken that I will cite is Wikipedia.

Without further ado, here are the notes:

A Weather Radio is a special radio receiver that is designed to receive the signals from government owned radio stations that broadcast weather observations continuously.

Routine reports are interrupted when a weather emergency arises.

Some non weather emergency information may be broadcast such as a natural disaster, civil emergency or terrorist attack.

Broadcasts occur on the VHF High Band.

Two varieties are sold: Home and Portable.

Portable models come with features such as crank power in addition to grid current and batteries for use in an emergency when the power is disrupted. Smaller portable/pocket models do not typically feature Specific Area Message Encoding, but allow outdoor enthusiasts to get weather information in a compact device.

Modern Home models have in addition to Specific Area Message Encoding, visual alert features such as text displays and multi-colored lights. They also have connections to add peripherals such as pillow shakers or bed shakers, strobe lights and loud sirens for people with sensory disabilities. There peripherals can be connected via the weather radio’s accessory port.

NAVTEX gives Global Weather alerts for ships at sea. It is a Low Frequency Teletex broadcast.

In the United States NOAA Weather Radio is a nationwide network of automated weather broadcast stations giving weather information from a nearby Nation Weather Service forecast office. A broadcast cycle lasts between three and eight minutes.

Specific Area Message Encoding activates radios based on the Federal Information Processing System codes and radios equipped with that said feature will only activate when the corresponding administrative division programmed in the radio has an emergency.

Weather Radio Channels and Frequencies:

Original Number…..Frequency…….Marine Number……New Number
WX01…………….162.550 MHz…..39B…………………….7
WX02…………….162.400 MHz…..36B…………………….1
WX03…………….162.475 MHz…..97B…………………….4
WX04…………….162.425 MHz…..96B…………………….2
WX05…………….162.450 MHz…..37B…………………….3
WX06…………….162.500 MHz…..38B…………………….5
WX07…………….162.525 MHz…..98B…………………….6
WX08…………….161.650 MHz…..21B…………………..N/A
WX09…………….161.775 MHz…..83B…………………..N/A
WX10…………….163.275 MHz…..113B…………………N/A

Notes on the Electronic Calculator

Since infancy, I have had a great fascination with calculators, in fact just about as much as with flashlights. This is because they were always around me growing up. Before my dad became a special education teacher, he was a bank executive so therefore he always had a calculator until his career change. My mom has taught high school math since 1980 and she has always EDCed a scientific calculator or two. I had EDCed a calculator on and off since the age of eight and then permanently since the age of twenty-five. Though both of my parents are teachers, I am not. I am more or less of an amateur tradesman, especially in the trades of electrical and computer repair. Because of this, I greatly realize the need to EDC a calculator, though not for the same reason as my parents. For a while, I have been also EDCing a composition book on which I take notes on subjects that I consider important to me. On October 2nd and 3rd of 2018, I did some research on electronic calculators and took notes into my composition book. I am transcribing these notes for others to read.

Without further ado, here are my notes on electronic calculators:

Wikipedia is the source I cite as that is where the bulk of this information comes from.

The first solid state electronic calculator was created in the early 1960s.

Pocket-sized models came avaailable in the 1970s after the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004 was invented.

By the end of the 1970s, basic calculators were affordable to most and became common in schools.

In 1986 ~41% of the world’s general purpose hardware capacity was represented by calculators. As of 2007, it is only 0.05%.

Processor Components:

The Scanning/Polling Unit scans the keypad waiting to receive an electrical signal when a key is pressed.

The X and Y registers are where numbers are temporarily stored during calculations. All numbers go into the X register first, the number in the X register is displayed.

The function for the calculation is stored in the Flag Register until the calculator needs it.

The Permanent or Read Only Memory or ROM is the instructions for built-in functions that are permanently stored and cannot be deleted.

The User or the Random Access Memory or RAM is where numbers can be stored by the user and contents can be changed or erased by the user.

The Arithmetic Logic Unit or ALU executes all arithmetic and logic instructions and produces results in binary code.

The Binary Decoder Unit converts the binary results into decimal numbers which are shown on the display unit.

The clock rate of the processor chip refers to the frequency of which the Central Processing Unit is running. It indicates the processor’s speed and is measured in clock cycles per second and expressed in the unit of Hertz. Basic calculations can vary between a few hundred Hertz to the KiloHertz range.

The first devices used to aid in arithmetic calculations were bones, pebbles, counting boards and the Abacus which was used in ancient Egypt and Sumeria before 2000 BC.

Computing tools started to arrive in the 17th Century with inventions such as the Geometric Military Compass, made by Galileo.

Logarithms and Napier’s bones were invented by Scottish mathematician John Napier of Merchiston (1550-April 4, 1617.)

The slide rule was invented by English and Welsh clergyman, mathematician and astronomer Edmund Gunter (1581-December 10, 1626.)

In 1642, the mechanical calculator was invented by German professor and minister Wilheim Schickard (April 22, 1592-October 24, 1635) several decades before the device invented by French mathematician, physicist and writer Blaise Paschal (June 19, 1623-August 19, 1662.) Schikard’s device used a well-thought set of mechanized multiplication tables to quicken the process of multiplication and division. Paschal’s calculator could add and subtract two numbers directly.

German polymath Gottfried Leibinz (July 1, 1646-November 14, 1716) spent four decades attempting to design a four operation mechanical calculator he called “The Step Reckoner. he was not successful but in the process, he invented “The Leibinz Wheel.”

At that point my medication kicked in and I went to bed, then resumed taking notes on October 3, 2018.

There were five other unsuccessful attempts to design a calculating clock in the 17th Century.

The first successful calculating clock was invented in the 18th Century by Marquess physicist, mathematician and antiquarian Giovanni Poleni (1683-November 1761.)

Assumed Italian inventor Luigi Torchi (1812-?) invented the first direct multiplication machine and the second key-driven machine in the world, following James White’s invention in 1822.

Real developments began during the Industrial Revolution of the 19th Century. This made large scale production of devices that could perform all four functions of arithmetic.

The Arithmometer was invented in 1820 and put into production in 1851. It became the first commercially sold unit and by 1890, 2,500 units had been sold. There were even clone units from Burkhardt, Germany, in 1878 and Layton, UK, in 1883.

In 1902, American James Dalton invented The Dalton Adding Machine with the first push-button interface.

In 1921, American Electrical Engineer Edith Clarke (February 10, 1883-October 29, 1959), the first female professor of Electrical Engineering at UTA invented the “Clarke Calculator” which was a simple graph-based calculator for solving line equations that involved hyperbolic functions. This device gave electrical engineers the ability to simply calculate inductance and capacitance in power transmission lines.

In 1948, Austrian engineer Curt Herzstark (July 26, 1902-October 27, 1988) invented the pocket portable calculator which was called the “Curta.”

Casio released the Model 14-A in 1957. It was the world’s first all-electric compact calculator.

In October of 1961, British Bell Punch/Sumlock Comptometer ANITA, which is an acronym for “A New Inspiration To Arithmetic/Accounting” was announced. It used cold cathode tubes and Dekatrons in its circuits in addition to 12 cold cathode Nixie tubes. There were two models displayed: the Mk VII was for Continental Europe and the MK VIII was for the UK and the rest of the world.

Tubes began to be phased out in 1963 when the American-made Friden EC-130 was built of an all transistor design. It featured a stack of four thirteen digit numbers and a five-inch cathode ray tube. It also introduced Reverse Polish Notation. This machine sold for $2,200.

In 1964 Sharp introduced the CS-10A. It weighed 25 kilograms or 55 pounds and cost 500,000 yen or $4,457.52.

Italian company Industria Machine Electroniche also introduced the IME-84 with several peripherals so several users could make use of it (but not simultaneously.)

Several manufacturers followed including Canon, Mathatronics, Olivetti, Toshiba, Smith Carona Marchant, and Wang. These calculators used Germanium as opposed to Silicon for their transistors. Displays were either Cathode Ray Tube or cold cathode Nixie tubes and filament lamps. Memory was either delayed line memory or magnetic core memory. However, the Toshiba “Toscal” BC-1411 possibly had an early form of Dynamic Random Access Memory.

In late 1965, the Olivetti Programma 101 was released. It could read and write stored programs on magnetic memory cards and display the results on its built-in printer. Memory was achieved with an acoustic delay line and could be partitioned between program steps, constants and data registers. It could be considered the first commercially made personal computer and won many industrial design awards.

Also in 1965 the Bulgarian made ELKA 6521 was released. The name is derived from a portmanteau of ELektronen KAlkulator. It weighed 8 kilograms or 18 pounds. It was the first calculator to feature a square root function. Later in 1965 the ELKA 25 with a built-in printer was introduced. The ELKA 101 was released in 1974 and was ELKA’s first pocket model. It featured Roman script (I guess as opposed to Slavic)since it was exported to Western Countries.

In 1967, the Monroe Epic was put on the market. It was a large printing desktop model with an attached floor standing logic tower. It could be programmed to carry out many computer-like functions. Unfortunately, the only branch instruction was an implied unconditional branch (GO TO) at the end of the operation stack, which returned the program to its starting instruction. Therefore it was impossible to include any conditional branch ie (IF-THEN-ELSE) logic.

During this time period, the absence of a conditional branch sometimes determined the difference between a programmable calculator and a computer.

Also in 1967, Texas Instruments American electrical engineer Jack Kilby (November 8, 1923-June 20, 2005) led the production of the first prototype of a handheld calculator, the “Cal Tech.” It could perform the four basic operations and printed the results on paper tape.

In 1970 a calculator could be produced with just a few low power chips and be powered by rechargeable batteries. Also in 1970, the first portable calculators appeared in Japan and were sold around the world. Models included the Sanyo ICC-0081 Mini Calculator, the Canon “Pocketronic” and the Sharp QT-8B “micro compet.”

Desiring to reduce power consumption, Sharp introduced the EL-8 which was also marketed as the Facit IIII. it was close to being a pocket model and weight 1.59 pounds or 721 grams, had a vacuum fluorescent display, rechargeable NiCad batteries and sold for $395.

In early 1971, the first “Calculator on a chip” the MK6010 was made by Mostek. Also in 1971, Pico Electronics and General Instrument introduced the chipset for the Monroe Royal Digital III calculator.

The Busicom LE-120A “HANDY” was the first truly pocket-sized calculator. It was the first to feature an LED display, first to use a single integrated circuit and the first to run on primary batteries. It measured 4.9 inches by 2.8 inches by 0.9 inches (124 millimeters by 71 millimeters by 23 millimeters.)

The DB800 was made in 1971 in Buje, Croatia, and was the first European made pocket calculator.

The Bowmar 901B was the first American made pocket-sized calculator which measured 5.2 inches by 3.0 inches by 1.5 inches (132 millimeters by 76 millimeters by 38 millimeters) and was put on the market in Autumn of 1971. It featured the four basic functions, a red LED display and sold for $240.

Then in 1972, the first slimline pocket calculator was released. It was the Sinclair Executive. Measuring 5.4 inches by 2.2 inches by 0.35 inches (137.2 millimeters by 55.9 millimeters by 8.9 millimeters), it sold for 79 Pounds.

The first pocket-sized Soviet-made calculator was the Elektronika B3-04 was developed in 1973 and put on the market in 1974.

In 1973, the Sinclair Cambridge was launched. It sold for 29.95 Pounds or $38.40. Because of their lower price, Sinclair units were popular but they were slower and sometimes produced inaccurate results with transcendental functions.

The first Soviet-made, pocket-sized scientific model B3-18 was completed by the end of 1975.

Texas Instruments introduced the SR-10 (SR stands for “Slide Rule.”) It was an algebraic entry-level pocket calculator using scientific notation and sold for $150. Afterward, the SR-11 was released and had a dedicated key for the Pi constant. The following year, the SR-50 was released and added the trigonometric and logarithmic functions. It was a competitor model to the Hewlett Packard HP-35.

In 1976, the Texas Instruments TI-30 was launched and descendants of it are still in production.

In 1978, Calculated Industries made special purpose calculators such as the “Loan Arranger” which was marketed to Real Estate professionals. In 1985 they launched the “Construction Master” which was marketed to the building trades.

Programmable calculators such as the Mathatronics and Casio AL-100 were very heavy and costly.

The Hewlett Packard HP-65 came out in 1974 and had a capacity of 100 instructions and could store and retrieve programs in a built-in magnetic card reader. The HP-25 introduced continuous memory which stored data and programs in a CMOS. The HP-41C was released in 1979 and could be expanded with Random Access Memory and Read Only Memory. It could also be connected to bar code readers, microcassette and floppy drives as well as printers and communication interfaces such as the RS-232, HP-IL, and HP-IB.

The ISKRA123 was Soviet-made, grid powered and released in the early 1970s. The Elektronika B3-21 was developed at the end of 1976 and put on the market in early 1977. Its successor, the B3-34 was widely used and hundreds of thousands of games and program were written for it. The Elektronika MK-52 was used in the Soviet Space Program.

The Hewlett Packard HP-28C was released in 1987 and was the first calculator capable of symbolic programming.

The Casio fx-7000G was released in 1985 as the world’s first graphing calculator.

In 1981, the Hewlett Packard 12-C was the first financial calculator…